Stargardt disease, or fundus flavimaculatus, is the most frequent form of inherited juvenile macular degeneration. Stargardt causes progressive vision loss usually to the point of legal blindness. Several genes are associated with the disorder. Symptoms, mainly central vision loss, typically develop before age 20 (median age of onset: ~17 years old), and also include wavy vision, blind spots, blurriness, impaired color vision, and difficulty adapting to dim lighting (dark adaptation delays).
Stargardt is often used to refer to any juvenile macular dystrophy; however, it properly refers to atrophic macular dystrophy with yellow, poorly-defined flecks surrounding the macula in the retinal pigment epithelium.